大芬美术馆 Dafen Art Museum

作者:都市实践建筑事务所 URBANUS

创作时间:2007

位于深圳市龙岗区布吉镇的大芬村,是深圳著名的油画产业村,村中遍布油画复制品的创作坊。这里的油画出口到亚、非、欧、美各大洲,每年创造数亿元人民币的销售额。

然而大芬村的油画长久以来是被视为一种低俗艺术,是庸俗品味与商业运作的奇妙混合体。但政府看到这种创意产业的价值,于是在一个似乎最不可能出现美术馆的地方,大芬美术馆出现了。这一决策引发另一个问题,作为一项政府行为是否能在另一层面上促成当代艺术的介入,并且通过这一公众设施将周边的城市肌理进行调整,使日常生活、艺术活动与商业设施混合成新型的文化产业基地。设计策略是把美术馆、画廊、商业、可租用的工作室等等不同功能混合成一个整体,让几条步道穿越整座建筑物,使人们从周边的不同区域聚集于此,从而提供最大限度的交流机会。美术馆在垂直方向上被夹在商业和各种公共功能之间,并且允许在不同的使用功能之间有视觉和空间上的渗透。其结果是展览、交易、绘画和居住等多种活动可以同时在这座建筑的不同部位发生,各种不同的使用方式可以通过不断的渗透和交叠诱发出新的使用方式,并以此编织成崭新的城市聚落形式。以肯定大芬村油画产业为初衷的大芬美术馆的产生,如果机构化的气氛太浓,或许会不经意地埋葬大芬村油画产业。将美术馆与村落结合,既是一种形式上的调和,也是从本质上让自发的生活形态能在被设计的环境中得以延续和发展的策略。

Dafen Village is in Buji Township, Longgang District, Shenzhen. Best known for its replica oil painting workshops and manufacturers, its exports to Asia, Europe and America bring in billions of RMB each year to the area.

Our concept focuses on reinterpreting the urban and cultural implications of Dafen Village, which has long been considered as a strange mix of pop art, bad taste, and commercialism. A typical art museum would be considered out of place in the context of Dafen's peculiar urban culture. The question is whether or not it can be a breeding ground for contemporary art and take on the more challenging role of blending with the surrounding urban fabric in terms of spatial connections, art activities, and everyday life.

Therefore our strategy is to create a hybridized mix of different programs, like art museums, oil painting galleries and shops, commercial spaces, rental workshops, and studios under one roof. It also creates a maximum interaction among people by creating several pathways through the building's public spaces. The museum is sandwiched by commercial and other public programs which intentionally allow for visual and spatial interactions among different functions. Exhibition, trade, painting, and residence can happen simultaneously, and can be interwoven into a whole new urban mechanism.

图文版权《深圳当代建筑2000-2015》